Saturday, 6 October 2018

The Spirit of British Womanhood, Agnes Conway and the commemoration of women in WW1 at the Imperial War Museum

Following the setting up of the Imperial War Museum in London in 1917, The Women's Work Subcommittee came into being.  The first meeting of the Subcommittee took place on 26th April 1917.  Among the members were Agnes Conway and Lady Priscilla Norman, who had run a hospital in France during the first few months of the war. Co-helpers on the Women's Work Subcommittee were Lady Asquith, Lady Mond and Lady Haig.

The first report of the Subcommittee laid down its objectives as the collection of exhibits and the formation of a record of war activities by women by means of a collection of photographs, pamphlets and manuscript reports from all women’s organisations and outstanding private individuals.  If we are able to find information and photographs today, it is due entirely to the work of the Subcommittee.


Agnes Conway - historian and archaeologist. From 1917-1929, Agnes collected information concerning women's work in the First World War as Chairman of the Women's Work Sub-Committee of the Imperial War Museum in London. Her father, Martin Conway, was first the honorary Director-General of the IWM. 

Florence Priscilla, Lady Norman, CBE JP, née McLaren (1883 – 1 March 1964) – In 1907, Florence married Sir Henry Norman, 1st Baronet, a noted journalist and later Liberal MP for Blackburn, Lancashire. During the First World War, Lady Norman ran a voluntary hospital in Wimereux, France with her husband. She was awarded the Mons Star for her services and created a CBEfor her war services.

Lady Mond – Violet Florence Mabel, nee Goetze - turned her country home into a convalescent home for the wounded and took Belgian refugees into her London home.  In 1920, she was appointed DBE (Dame of the British Empire) for her work during WW1.

Lady Asquith - Emma Alice Margaret Asquith, Countess of Oxford and Asquith (née Tennant) 2 February 1864 – 28 July 1945 - was known as Margot Asquith. She was the second wife of Herbert Asquith, British Prime Minister from 1908 until 1916.

Lady Haig – The Hon. Dorothy Maud Vivian, daughter of 3rd Baron Vivian and his wife Louisa Alice Duff, was a bridesmaid to Queen Alexandra. She met Douglas Haig while he was a guest of King Edward VII at Windsor Castle. They married in the private chapel at Buckingham Palace in July 1905.  During the First World War, Countess Haig worked with the Red Cross, and was appointed a Lady of Grace of St John of Jerusalem. She suggested that a factory, employing those men disabled by war, should be started to make poppies for Scotland.

Sources:
https://www.ladyhaigspoppyfactory.org.uk/factory-history/the-start/
https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/a-closer-look-at-the-womens-work-collection
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence_Norman



Wednesday, 3 October 2018

Some of the women who served and died or were killed during WW1 in October 1918


Working from the 95 pages of the Commonwealth War Graves List of Female Casualties of the First World War here are those listed who died or were killed in October 1918.

The CWGC List does not include women killed in Munitions Factories explosions or accidents etc.

2nd October
Member, ETHEL MAUD LILIAN RICHARDS of the Women's Royal Air Force died on 2nd October 1918, at the age of 26. Her parents were William Henry and Maria Richards, of Cwmbran, Monmouthshire.  Ethel was buried in Shorncliffe Military Cemetery in Kent, UK - Grave Reference: O. 679.


3rd
Sister, MABEL EDITH GRIGSON, who served in the Royal Navy Hospital in Malta. Sister Grigson was a member of The Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service.  Her parents were George and Esther Grigson.  Sister Grigson died on 3rd October 1918, at the age of 36 and was buried in Malta Capuccini Naval Cemetery, Malta - Grave Reference: Prot. 60.

4th
ORESTONE METHODIST BURIAL GROUND, Devon, UK
WILLS, Member, SUSAN S., G/847. Women's Royal Naval Service, attd., Royal Air Force. 4 October 1918. Age 36. Grave Reference: Row 4. from east wall.

5th
ST. SEVER CEMETERY EXTENSION, ROUEN, Seine-Maritime, France
HOLBOROW, Forewoman, ROSE MABEL, 1923. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps, attd. 1st Base Mechanical Transport Depot.. 5 October 1918. Grave Reference: S. V. H. 3.

SHERBORNE CEMETERY, Dorset, UK
STACEY, Staff Nurse, DOROTHY LOUISE, 2/R/S/519. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. 5 October 1918. Age 25. Daughter of Alfred John and Mary M. Stacey, of Charlton Horethorne, Dorset. Grave Reference: 17. 257.

and

Annie POPPLEWELL of the Women’s Land Army, Other Empire Force, who died as a result of a ploughing accident on 5th Octobr 1918. 
https://www.iwm.org.uk/history/a-closer-look-at-the-womens-work-collection


8th
MAZARGUES WAR CEMETERY, MARSEILLES, Bouches-du-Rhone, France
DAVIS, Driver, MILDRED CONSTANCE. French Red Cross Society. Died from pneumonia, while working with the French Croix Rouge as Ambulance Driver, 8 October 1918. Age 25. Daughter of the Rev. Edward Smith, Rector of Hazelbury-Bryan, Sturminster Newton, Dorset; wife of the late Capt. R. N. Davis. Grave Reference: III. A. 58.

BROOKWOOD CEMETERY, Surrey, UK
TULLOCH, Staff Nurse, EDITH SARAH, 2/ResT/95. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. 8 October 1918. Age 33. Daughter of John Cromarty Tulloch and Amelia Clarke Tulloch. Grave Reference: H. 181689.

9th
LIVERPOOL (TOXTETH PARK) CEMETERY, Lancashire, UK
ING Worker (equivalent to the rank of Private) ELSIE UXBRIDGE ING, No. 50823 of The Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps.  Elsie’s parents were Charles Westray Ing, a retired publican, and Clara Ing, nee Williamson, of Bloom Street, Falkner Street, Liverpool. Elsie had the following siblings:  Robert, Beatrice, Harry and Harold.  Elsie served in the Army Service Corps and was attached to 613th Mechanical Transport Company.  She died on 9th October 1918 at the age of 20 and was buried in Toxteth Park Cemetery in Liverpool - Grave Reference: I. C.E. 208.

ETAPLES MILITARY CEMETERY, Pas de Calais, France
GREEN, Nursing Sister, MATILDA E.. 7th Canadian Gen. Hosp., Canadian Army Nursing
Service. Died of disease, 9 October 1918. Age 32. Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. James Green, of Virden, Manitoba. Graduate, Medicine Hat Gen. Hosp., Alberta, Canada. Grave Reference: XLVIII. A. 10.

MAZARGUES WAR CEMETERY, MARSEILLES, Bouches-du-Rhone, France
DAVIS, Driver, MILDRED CONSTANCE. French Red Cross Society. Died from pneumonia, while working with the French Croix Rouge as Ambulance Driver, 8 October 1918. Age 25. Daughter of the Rev. Edward Smith, Rector of Hazelbury-Bryan, Sturminster Newton, Dorset; wife of the late Capt. R. N. Davis. Grave Reference: III. A. 58.

10th
BRIDGEND CEMETERY, Glamorganshire, UK
MARK, Remembering Nurse HANNAH DUNLOP MARK of The Territorial Force Nursing Service. Hannah died on 10th October 1918 at the age of 23. Her parents were Alex and Sarah Jane Mark, of "Garnock," Acland Road, Bridgend. She was buried in Bridgend Cemetery, Glamorganshire, UK - Grave Reference: D. 4.

HOLLYBROOK MEMORIAL, SOUTHAMPTON, Hampshire, UK
BARRETT, Nurse, SOPHIA VIOLET. Voluntary Aid Detachment. Drowned at sea (from R.M.S. "Leinster"), 10th October 1918.  Sophia is remembered on Hollybrook Memorial in Southampton.

Also

Delia Davoren and her sister Nora Davoren nursed in WW1 in Northampton.  They were from Co. Clare in Ireland and were drowned when the RMS “Leinster” was sunk.

Nurse Nellie Hogan from Newmarket-on-Fergus, Co. Clare, Ireland was drowned when the RMS “Leinster” was sunk.

Margaret O’Grady and her sister Mary O’Grady were both nurses from Quin, Co. Clare. They were daughters of Francis O'Grady, Manse, Quin, Co. Clare. Margaret and Mary were travelling together on the RMS “Leinster”. Margaret was drowned when the ship was sunk on 10 October 1918 and her sister was rescued.  Margaret was buried at Quin Abbey. 

HOLYHEAD (MAESHYFRYD) BURIAL BOARD CEMETERY, Anglesey, UK
OWEN, Stewardess, HANNAH. S.S. "Leinster.", Mercantile Marine. 10 October 1918. Age 36. Daughter of William and Mary Owen, of 2, Tower Gardens, Holyhead. Grave Reference: B. 890.  (See photo)

PLYMOUTH NAVAL MEMORIAL, Devon, UK
CARR, Clerk, (shorthand typist), JOSEPHINE, G/4985. W.R.N.S., Women's Royal Naval Service. Killed in action in S.S. "Leinster" with submarine in Irish Sea, 10 October 1918. Age 19. Daughter of Kathleen Carr, of 4, Bethesda Row, Blackrock Rd., Cork, and the late Samuel Carr. Grave Reference: 31. Mary Josephine Carr, drowned in the Irish Sea when the SS Leinster was torpedoed on 10 October 1918. Mary was born on 13 May 1897 in Cork, Ireland to Kathleen and Samuel Carr.  Mary enrolled with the Women's Royal Naval Service on 1 October 1918 as a Clerk. She died 9 days later. Her name is recorded on Plymouth Naval Memorial. (see photo Pictures)

MOUNT JEROME CEMETERY, County Dublin, Ireland
MELLETT, Nursing Sister, HENRIETTA. 15th Can. Gen. Hosp., Canadian Army Medical Corps. Died in the sinking of R.M.S. "Leinster", 10 October 1918. Age 39. Grave Reference: 410. A62.

GRANGEGORMAN MILITARY CEMETERY, County Dublin, Ireland

WESTWELL, Assistant Administrator, MAY. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps.
Drowned at sea (from R.M.S. "Leinster"), 10 October 1918. Age 30. Daughter of Ellen Westwell, of 103, Lovely Lane, Warrington, and the late W. W. Westwell. Grave Reference: CE. Officers. 30.

PLYMOUTH NAVAL MEMORIAL, Devon, UK
CARR, Clerk, (shorthand typist), JOSEPHINE, G/4985. W.R.N.S., Women's Royal Naval Service. Killed in action in S.S. "Leinster" with submarine in Irish Sea, 10 October 1918. Age 19. Daughter of Kathleen Carr, of 4, Bethesda Row, Blackrock Rd., Cork, and the late Samuel Carr. Grave Reference: 31. Mary Josephine Carr, drowned in the Irish Sea when the SS Leinster was torpedoed on 10 October 1918.

TOWER HILL MEMORIAL, London, UK
PARRY, Stewardess, LOUISA. S.S. "Leinster" (Dublin), Mercantile Marine. Drowned, as a result of an attack by an enemy submarine, 10 October 1918. Age 22. Daughter of Owen and Katherine Parry (Nee Williams), of 5, Fair View, Holyhead, Anglesey.

11th
WOOLWICH CEMETERY, London, UK
CROSS, Member, AMELIA, 5981. 7th Aeroplane Acceptance Park, Women's Royal Air Force. Died of sickness, 11 October 1918. Age 27. Grave Reference: 20. 518.


12th
ST. JEAN-SUR-RICHELIEU ROMAN CATHOLIC CEMETERY, QUEBEC, Quebec, Canada
ALPAUGH, Nursing Sister, AGNES E.. Canadian Army Medical Corps. Died of pneumonia, 12 October 1918. Age 26. Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Alpaugh, of St. John's, P.Q. Grave Reference: L. 602.
TOURGEVILLE MILITARY CEMETERY, Calvados, France
HILLING, Sister, SOPHIE, 2/RES.H/1339. A R R C (Royal Red Cross Medal). Sophie was born Sophia Hilling in Deptford, London, UK in 1885.  Her parents were Samuel Hilling ((b. 1857) and his wife Sarah A. Hilling (b. 1885) from Suffolk. Sophia had a brother Samuel, born in 1884 and a sister Rose, born in 1886.  Sophia trained as a nurse in Birmingham and joined the Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service during WW1. She was awarded the Royal Red Cross Medal in October 1917 when she was working at the Welsh Metropolitain War Hospital in Cardiff, Wales.

Sophia died of pneumonia on 12th October 1918 after four years war service, while working at No.72 General Hospital, Trouville.  She was buried in Tourgeville Military Cemetery, Calvados, France - Grave Reference: XIV. A. 1. At the time of Sophia’s death, the family lived in Deptford, London.   Sophia is remembered on the Roll of Honour in Deptford Town Hall, London. http://lewishamwarmemorials.wikidot.com/info:royal-red-cross-medal
Alain Caryon visits Sophia’s grave regularly.

GAZA WAR CEMETERY, Israel and Palestine
DANAHER, Staff Nurse, MARY. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service, Reserve. 12 October 1918. Age 26. Daughter of Mrs. A. Danaher, of Glenagore, Athea, Co. Limerick. Grave Reference: XXVII. B. 5.

13th
MONT HUON MILITARY CEMETERY, LE TREPORT, Seine-Maritime, France
TONKIN, Member, EDITH MARY, 14673. 3rd Gen. Hospital, Voluntary Aid Detachment. Died of disease, 13 October 1918. Age 26. Daughter of Walter John and Elizabeth Tonkin, of Brook Road, Ely, near Cardiff. Native of Cardiff. Grave Reference: VIII. M. 14.

BALLYCUMBER (LISS) CHURCHYARD, County Offaly, Ireland
HACKETT, Nurse, VENICE CLEMENTINE HENRIETTA. Voluntary Aid Detachment. 13 October 1918. Daughter of Edward A. Hackett, of Castletown Park, Ballycumber. Grave Reference: In South-West part.

CAPE TOWN (PLUMSTEAD) CEMETERY, Western Cape, South Africa
WARDLE, Staff Nurse, IDA. South African Military Nursing Service. 13 October 1918. Grave Reference: Bl. UN. 27.

14th
MIKRA BRITISH CEMETERY, KALAMARIA, Greece
RICHARDS, Nurse, ELLA. Voluntary Aid Detachment. 14 October 1918. Age 31.
Daughter of Timothy Richards, J.P., of Ardwyn, Lampeter, Cardiganshire. Grave Reference: 542.

STONE (ST. MARY) CHURCHYARD, WORCESTERSHIRE, Worcestershire, UK
MADDOCKS, Worker, DOROTHY BATEMAN, 35056. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. 14 October 1918. Age 17. Daughter of Mrs. E. L. Maddocks, of Stone Cottage, Crabb's Cross, Redditch, Worcs. Grave Reference: South of Church.

TOTTENHAM CEMETERY, Middlesex, UK
MEIKLE, Nurse, CATHERINE. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. 14 October 1918. Age 23. Grave Reference: Gen. 7301 (Screen Wall).

TOWER HILL MEMORIAL, London, UK
CREEGAN, Stewardess, MARGARET. S.S. "Dundalk" (Dundalk), Mercantile Marine.
Drowned, as a result of an attack by an enemy submarine, 14 October 1918. Age 38.
Daughter of Patrick Creegan, of Point Rd., Dundalk, Co. Louth, and the late Mary Creegan.


16th October

CONINGSBY CEMETERY, Lincolnshire, UK
WILLSON, Staff Nurse, NELLIE. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. 16 October 1918. Age 30. Daughter of Arthur Willson, of 5, Queen St., Billinghay.  Alternative Commemoration - buried in Billinghay (St. Michael) Church Cemetery. Grave Reference: Spec. Memorial.



17th October

Southampton (Hollybrook) Cemetery

Staff Nurse Annie Elinor BUCKLER of The QAIMNS, died on 17th October 1918.  Her parents were the Rev. John Findlay Buckler a Rector of Bidston and Mary Annie Buckler, nee Mullow.  Annie, who was born in Chester and trained at the Manchester Children’s Hospital, served in Malta and at the Queen’s Hospital, Sidcup, Kent, where she was part of the team that pioneered the work of plastic surgery.

GAZA WAR CEMETERY, Israel and Palestine

GLEDHILL, Sister, ANNIE. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service, Reserve. 17 October 1918. Age 43. Daughter of James Edward and Mary Gledhill, of Steeton, Yorks. Grave Reference: XXVII. C. 13.

POTCHEFSTROOM MILITARY CEMETERY, North West, South Africa
EDMEADES, Nursing Sister, CONSTANCE ALEXANDRA. South African Military Nursing Service. 17 October 1918. Age 28. Daughter of E. T. L. and M. F. Edmeades, of Pinehurst, Oudtshoorn, Cape Province. Grave Reference: C.E. 573.

DEOLALI GOVERNMENT CEMETERY, India
CLARE, Sister, EMILY. Australian Army Nursing Service. 17 October 1918. Age 28. Daughter of Peter and Mary Clare, of 34, Lynch St., Footscray, Victoria, Australia. Grave Reference: Plot RC. Row M2. Grave 22.

POTCHEFSTROOM MILITARY CEMETERY, North West, South Africa
EDMEADES, Nursing Sister, CONSTANCE ALEXANDRA. South African Military Nursing Service. 17 October 1918. Age 28. Daughter of E. T. L. and M. F. Edmeades, of Pinehurst, Oudtshoorn, Cape Province. Grave Reference: C.E. 573.

CARNMONEY CEMETERY, County Antrim, UK
TWADDELL, Member, MAUDE ELIZABETH, 50290. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. 17 October 1918. Grave Reference: G. 95.

CLIVEDEN WAR CEMETERY, Buckinghamshire, UK
BAKER, Nursing Sister, MIRIAM EASTMAN. Canadian Army Medical Corps. 17 October 1918. Age 32. Grave Reference: 5. See photo saved in Pictures.

SOUTHAMPTON (HOLLYBROOK) CEMETERY, Hampshire, UK
BUCKLER, Staff Nurse, ANNIE ELINOR. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing
Service. Died of influenza, 17 October 1918. Age 43. Daughter of the Rev. John Findlay Buckler, M.A., late Rector of Bidston, Cheshire, and of Mary Anne Buckler (nee Mutlow). Served at Malta and Sidcup, Kent. Born at Chester. Grave Reference: B. 01. 84.





18th
KENSAL GREEN (ALL SOULS') CEMETERY, London, UK
AMBROSE, Member, BLANCHE A., 13034. Women's Royal Air Force. 18 October 1918. Age 34. Grave Reference: 198. 18. 46006. (Screen Wall.)..

ARBROATH WESTERN CEMETERY, Angus, UK
BENNET, Staff Nurse, HELENA STEWART. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. 18 October 1918. Grave Reference: H. 583.

GREAT HENNY (ST. MARY) CHURCHYARD, Essex, UK
GALLEY, Worker, AMY COOTE, 6886. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. Died of influenza, 18 October 1918. Age 21. Daughter of William and Frances Ann Galley, of Little Hickbush Great Henny. Grave Reference: 6886.

MACHEN (ST. JOHN) CHURCHYARD EXTENSION, Monmouthshire, UK
M. WOODRUFF, ShorthandTypist,  No. G/2609 of The Women's Royal Naval Service. 18 October 1918. Grave Reference: I. 10.

READING CEMETERY, Berkshire, UK
NEISH, Worker, A. Voluntary Aid Detachment. 18 October 1918. Age 32. Daughter of William Neish, of "Elem," Pilford Heath, Wimbourne, Dorset. Grave Reference: 80. 16489.


19th
LISTOWEL (FAIRVIEW) CEMETERY, Ontario, Canada
ROGERS, Nursing Sister, NELLIE GRACE. Canadian Army Medical Corps. 19 October 1918. Age 29. Daughter of James and Adelia Rogers, of Listowel, Ont. Grave Reference: Lot 5. Range 10.

OLD MONKLAND CEMETERY, Lanarkshire, UK
MACKENZIE, Member, HELEN, 15076. Stores (Netheravon), Women's Royal Air Force. Died of pneumonia, 19 October 1918. Age 20. Daughter of Donald and Annie McIver Mackenzie, of 11, English Buildings, Calderbank, Airdrie, Lanarkshire.

20th
CAPE TOWN (PLUMSTEAD) CEMETERY, Western Cape, South Africa
HEARNS, Staff Nurse, BEATRICE. South African Military Nursing Service. 20 October 1918. Grave Reference: Bl. UN. 28.

ECCLESFIELD JEWISH CEMETERY, Yorkshire, UK
HARTMAN, Nurse, EMILY. Voluntary Aid Detachment. 20 October 1918. Grave Reference: Grave 271

21st
CAPE TOWN (PLUMSTEAD) CEMETERY, Western Cape, South Africa
BEAUFORT, Nurse, K. South African Military Nursing Service. 21 October 1918. Grave Reference: Bl. UN. 31.

WATKINS, Staff Nurse, J K. South African Military Nursing Service. 21 October 1918. Grave Reference: Bl. UN. 30.


CAPE TOWN (PLUMSTEAD) CEMETERY, Western Cape, South Africa
BEAUFORT, Nurse, K. South African Military Nursing Service. 21 October 1918. Grave Reference: Bl. UN. 31.

YORK CEMETERY, YORKSHIRE, Yorkshire, UK
WHITWORTH, Worker, NELLIE, 16451. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps, attd. No. 2
Inf. Records (York). Died of sickness, 21 October 1918. Age 26. Daughter of Mary Whitworth, of 28, Rosslyn St., Clifton, York, and the late Benson Whitworth. Grave Reference: 43. 5083.

22nd
CHURCH AND CLAYTON-LE-MOORS JOINT CEMETERY, Lancashire, UK
BARON, Nurse, MARGARET ALICE BARON East Lancashire section of the Voluntary Aid Detachment. Margaret was born in Burnley, Lancashire in 1891.  Margaret’s parents were William Thomas Baron and his wife Alice Baron, nee Myers.  Margaret had the following siblings:  Sarah, b. 1885, Elizabeth H., b. 1887, Ellen, b. 1888 and Caroline, b. 1894.

Margaret died on 22nd October 1918, at the age of 28 and was buried with full military honours in Church and Clayton-le-Moors Joint Cemetery, Lancashire, UK - Grave Reference: E. C.E. 107.  Margaret is also remembered on the memorial doors near the Seven Sisters window in York Minster.  The photograph of Margaret’s grave was kindly taken by Andrew Mackay who visited the grave recently.

Dusty Mears has researched Margaret and visits her grave regularly. Dusty, who shared the photograph of Margaret says: “Nurse Baron was from Clayton-le-Moors, Accrington, Lancashire UK. She was a weaver but interested in nursing. She nursed in Elmfield Hall, which was a WW1 Auxiliary Military Hospital in Accrington during WW1. During the First World War, Margaret volunteered for general service, eventually ending up at the Royal Marine Infirmaty in Deal, Kent, where she died from influenza. There's a novel loosely based on her life – “Silence Unlocked” by Margaret’s Great-Niece, Janet M. Reeves.” Dusty’s research brought about distant family members getting in touch with each other in 2014/15. Well done, Dusty.
(see photos)

STAGLIENO CEMETERY, GENOA, Italy

WRIGHT, Staff Nurse, HANNAH ELIZABETH. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Died of pneumonia, 22nd October 1918. Eldest daughter of John and Emma Wright, of Newcastle-on-Tyne. Grave Reference: I. C. 23.

TOTTENHAM CEMETERY, Middlesex, UK
CROWTHER, Sister, LENA. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. 22
October 1916. Grave Reference: Gen. 7301 (Screen Wall).

ALDERSHOT MILITARY CEMETERY, Hampshire, UK
SQUIRE, Member, DOROTHY J.. Voluntary Aid Detachment. 22 October 1918. Grave Reference: Plot AG Grave 377.

PORTLAND (ST. GEORGE) CHURCHYARD, Dorset, UK
WHITE, Clerk, DOROTHY MARIA, G/5160. H.M.S. "Research.", Women's Royal Naval Service. Died of sickness, 22 October 1918. Age 20. Daughter of William and Rebecca White, of 21, Cove Cottages, Portland. Grave Reference: A. 4. 18.

23rd

CROYDON (MITCHAM ROAD) CEMETERY, Surrey, UK
COTTON, Worker, ROSE, 44785. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. 23 October 1918. Age 26. Daughter of Charles Cotton, of 57, Sangley Rd., South Norwood, London. Grave Reference: R7. 1632.

BEDFORD CEMETERY, BEDFORDSHIRE, Bedfordshire, UK
DAWES, Nursing Sister, A E, 2/RES.D/369. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. 23 October 1918. Grave Reference: F/4. 169.

LADYWELL CEMETERY, London, UK
GRAY, Member, FLORENCE ANNIE, 20267.  No. 1 Stores Depot (Kidbrooke), Women's Royal Air Force. Died of pneumonia, 23 October 1918. Age 39. Wife of W. H. Gray, of 80A, Stondon Park, London. Grave Reference: G. 43.

RYDE BOROUGH CEMETERY, Isle of Wight, UK
ROGERS, Worker, MARIE LOUISE, 17389. 18th O.C. Bn., Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. 23 October 1918. Age 34. Daughter of Mrs. Mary Charlotte Rogers, of Granville House, Nelson St., Ryde, Isle of Wight. Grave Reference: NG. K. 3263.

SHORNCLIFFE MILITARY CEMETERY, Kent, UK
HENNAN, Nursing Sister, VICTORIA BELLE. Canadian Army Medical Corps. 23 October 1918. Age 31. Daughter of Dorothy Catherine Hennan, of Elkhorn, Manitoba. Grave Reference: M. 694.

24th
ALDERSHOT MILITARY CEMETERY, Hampshire, UK
TICHBORNE, Nurse, MURIEL EDITH ELIZABETH. Voluntary Aid Detachment. 24 October 1918. Age 25. Grave Reference: Plot AG Grave 376.

DOVER (CHARLTON) CEMETERY, Kent, UK
BOWMAN, Clerk, HILDA, G/762. Women's Royal Naval Service. 24 October 1918.
Daughter of Mrs. Martha Bowman, of 28, De Burgh Hill, Dover. Grave Reference: I. H. 13.

TOTTENHAM CEMETERY, Middlesex, UK

JOHNSON, Sister, ADA MARION. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Died of sickness, 24 October 1918. Age 24. Daughter of J. H. and Mary A. Johnson, of 1, Arthur Rd., Motspur Park, New Malden, Surrey. Grave Reference: Gen. 7301. (Screen Wall).
BROOKWOOD CEMETERY, Surrey, UK
COLE, Sister, DOROTHY HELEN. 1st London General Hospital, Territorial Force Nursing
Service. Died of pneumonia, 24 October 1918. Age 29. Daughter of William and Caroline Frances Cole, of 41, Heath Hurst Rd., Hampstead, London. Grave Reference: 181855.

BROOKWOOD (UNITED KINGDOM 1914-1918) MEMORIAL, Surrey, UK
PEAKE, Worker, SUSAN JANE, 47444. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. 24 October 1918. Age 27. Daughter of Robert Peake. Grave Reference: Addenda Panel

JOHANNESBURG (BRIXTON) CEMETERY, Gauteng, South Africa
PARROTT, Sister, AMY MAUD AUGUSTA. Voluntary Aid Detachment. 24 October 1918. Age 37. Daughter of Col. and Mrs. T. S. Parrott, of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Grave Reference: E.C. 2219. https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=2003452649868322&set=p.2003452649868322&type=3 from a newspaper report about Sister Parrott of 1918

TOTTENHAM CEMETERY, Middlesex, UK
JOHNSON, Sister, ADA MARION. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service.
Died of sickness, 24 October 1918. Age 24. Daughter of J. H. and Mary A. Johnson, of 1, Arthur Rd., Motspur Park, New Malden, Surrey. Grave Reference: Gen. 7301. (Screen Wall).

26th
EDINBURGH (ROSEBANK) CEMETERY, Edinburgh, UK
THOMSON, Sister, ELIZABETH ROBERTSON. Leith War Hospital, Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Died of sickness, 26 October 1918. Age 36. Daughter of Jane Thomson, and the late Capt George Thomson. Grave Reference: S. E/60.

GOSPORT (ANN'S HILL) CEMETERY, Hampshire, UK
Commonwealth War Dead (1914-1918)
BILLINGTON, Worker, SARAH, 48452. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. 26 October 1918. Age 28. Daughter of John and Sarah Billington, of 3, Jackson Place, Stoke, Devonport. Grave Reference: 38. 23842.

GUILDFORD (STOKE) OLD CEMETERY, Surrey, UK
CHALLINOR, Staff Nurse, ELIZABETH ANNIE, 2/ResC/747. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Died of pneumonia, 26 October 1918. Age 29. Daughter of Samuel and Sarah Challinor, of "Thelma," Caxton Gardens, Guildford. Grave Reference: D. 592.

LLANDINGAT (ST. DINGAT) CHURCHYARD, Carmarthenshire, UK
Commonwealth War Dead (1914-1918)
DAVIES, Chief Section Leader, C J, G/3136. Women's Royal Naval Service. 26 October 1918. Grave Reference: In South part.



27th
CARDIFF WESTERN CEMETERY, Glamorganshire, UK
Commonwealth War Dead (1914-1918)
SAINT, Assistant Waitress, LUCY JANE, 5558. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. 27
October 1918 at Royal Victoria Hospital Boscombe, Hampshire
Age 23. Daughter of Samuel and Lucy Saint, of 4, Club Row, Tranch, Pontypool. Alternative Commemoration - buried in Llanfihangel Pontymoel (St. Michael) Churchyard. Grave Reference: Screen Wall.   For photo see http://www.womenandwar.wales/search.php?func=search&searchfor=QMAAC&in_unit=on
Commemorated on War Memorial gates, Grave St Michael, Pontypool, Monmouthshire

Notes: aged 23. Buried Llanfihangel Pontymoel churchyard, Pontypool.

LAMBETH CEMETERY, London, UK
PATRICK, Worker, LILIAN PRETORIA, 46891. Clerical Staff, Queen Mary's Army
Auxiliary Corps. Died of pneumonia, 27 October 1918. Age 19. Daughter of William and Lucy Patrick, of Fore St., St. Columb, Cornwall. Grave Reference: Screen Wall. H.3. 930.

LIMERICK (ST. LAWRENCE'S) CATHOLIC CEMETERY, County Limerick,

McMAHON, Volunteer, AGNES, 18691. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps, attd. Officer's Cadet School, Kildare. 27 October 1918. Age 22. Daughter of Mrs. Mary McMahon, of 14, Prospect, Rossbrien, Limerick. Grave Reference: 32180.

MURTON (HOLY TRINITY) CHURCHYARD, Durham, UK
ELLIOTT, Nurse, ELIZABETH. Territorial Force Nursing Service. 27 October 1918. Age 24. Daughter of Thomas and Alice Elliott, of 6, Pilgrim St., Murton. Grave Reference: Near West wall of Churchyard.

SOUTHAMPTON (HOLLYBROOK) CEMETERY, Hampshire, UK

STANLEY, Member, MARY ANN, 16220. 1st Salvage Sect., Women's Royal Air Force. Died of pneumonia, 27 October 1918. Age 23. Daughter of Mrs. Smith, of 19, Market St., Stoneywood, Bucksburn, Aberdeenshire. Grave Reference: L. 7. 206.

28th
KENSAL GREEN (ALL SOULS') CEMETERY, London, UK
SMITHERST, Member, DOROTHY M., 11318. Women's Royal Air Force. 28 October 1918. Age 23. Grave Reference: 198. 18. 46053. (Screen Wall.).

GLENBORO (BRU FRIKIRK JU LUTHERAN CHURCH) CEMETERY, Manitoba, Canada
FREDERICKSON, Nursing Sister, CHRISTINE. Canadian Army Medical Corps. Died of pneumonia, 28 October 1918. Age 22. Daughter of Frederick and G.S. Frederickson, of Glenborough, Manitoba, Canada.

KILLESHIN CHURCH OF IRELAND CHURCHYARD, County Leix, Ireland

McMAHON, Mechanic Driver, AUGUSTA MARY. Women's Legion, attd., Army Service Corps. 28 October 1918. Grave Reference: About 5 yards South of Church.

CAMBERWELL OLD CEMETERY, London, UK
WILLIAMS, Member, EDITH OLIVE, 21181. 1st Stores Depot., Women's Royal Air Force. 28 October 1918. Age 19. Daughter of Alice M. Greenfield, of 10A, Staveley Rd., Asylum Rd., Peckham, London. Grave Reference: 101. 25607. Screen Wall.

CHELTENHAM CEMETERY, PRESTBURY, Gloucestershire, UK
ROBERTS, Member, ELIZABETH HANNAH JANE, 22635. Women's Royal Air Force,
attd. 9th School of Aeronautics. Died of pneumonia, 28 October 1918. Age 22. Daughter of the late John Roberts, of Hanover St., St. Paul's, Cheltenham. Grave Reference: O. 2107.

DOVER (ST. MARY'S) NEW CEMETERY, Kent, UK

CARE, Member, M L, G/5721. Women's Royal Naval Service. 28 October 1918. Grave Reference: G. J. 1.


PLYMOUTH (FORD PARK) CEMETERY, Devon, UK

JONES, Sister, LILIAN HILDA, 2/J/110. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Died of pneumonia, 28 October 1918. Age 32. Daughter of Louisa Jones, of "Fairlight," 13, Valencia Rd., West Worthing, Sussex. Born in New Southgate, London. Grave Reference: General K. 5. 7.

29th
DALBEATTIE CEMETERY, Kirkcudbrightshire, UK
WRIGHT, Worker, JEANNIE TURNBULL, 46868. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. Died of pneumonia, 29 October 1918. Age 20. Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Wright, of The Galla, Dalbeattie. Grave Reference: 4A. 1st Extn. 23.

HEMEL HEMPSTEAD (HEATH LANE) CEMETERY, Hertfordshire, UK
HARROLD, Worker, (Waitress), HELEN CHARLOTTE, 50021. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. 29 October 1918. Grave Reference: YB. 46.

HULL WESTERN CEMETERY, Yorkshire, UK
BREWER, Forewoman, KATE SWINN, 51519. Gateshead Hostel, Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. 29 October 1918. Age 30. Daughter of Charles Albert and Elizabeth Colledge Brewer. Grave Reference: 309. 29972.

LEEDS (BECKETT STREET) CEMETERY, Yorkshire, UK
LAMBERT, Member, EMILY, 15358. Women's Royal Air Force. 29 October 1918. Grave Reference: 20287.

NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE (ST. ANDREW'S AND JESMOND) CEMETERY,
Northumberland, UK
TODD, Worker, BARBARA RAMSEY, 41144. 23rd Officers' Cadet Bn., Hepswell, Catterick, Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. 29 October 1918. Age 26. Daughter of W. George Todd, of 16, Chester St., Newcastle-on-Tyne. Grave Reference: N. U. 23.

PEEBLES CEMETERY, Peeblesshire, UK
AINSWORTH, Nursing Sister, (Res.), G G. R.N. Hosp. (Peebles), Queen Alexandra's Royal Naval Nursing Service. 29 October 1918. Grave Reference: 1209.


30th

BLAYDON CEMETERY, Durham, UK
BRINTON, Staff Nurse, M G. Territorial Force Nursing Service. 30 October 1918. Grave Reference: M. C. 210.

PITLOCHRY NEW CEMETERY, Perthshire, UK
MACBETH, Staff Nurse, MARGARET ANN, 2/Res/M/1009. Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. 30 October 1918. Age 28. Daughter of Mrs. Helen Macbeth, of Lower Viewbank, Pitlochry. Grave Reference: G. 126.

RUSHDEN CEMETERY, Northamptonshire, UK
PRIESTLEY, Worker, ELSIE, 20424. R.E. Special Depot (Haynes Park), Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. 30 October 1918. Grave Reference: C. 7. 177.

SUTTON VENY (ST. JOHN) CHURCHYARD, Wiltshire, UK
WALKER, Matron, JEAN MILES. R R C. Australian Army Nursing Service. Died of sickness, 30 October 1918. Age 39. Daughter of Alfred and Louisa Miles Walker, of "Allowah," Dunbarra Rd., Bellevue Hill, Sydney. Born in Tasmania. Grave Reference: 15. H. 1.


UCKFIELD CEMETERY, Sussex, UK
Commonwealth War Dead (1914-1918)
HOWELL, Worker, EMMA, 11077. Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps. 30 October 1918. Age 34. Daughter of Mary E. Howell, of Church Square, Harrogate, Yorks, and the late Richard Howell. Grave Reference: R. 2078.


31st

GRIMSBY (SCARTHO ROAD) CEMETERY, Lincolnshire, UK
DREWRY, Telephonist, HARRIET HAWKESWORTH, G/2335. Women's Royal Naval
Service. 31 October 1918. Age 24. Daughter of Joseph Clifton Drewry and Betsy Drewry, of
49, Farebrother St., Grimsby. (In the same grave is buried: Telephonist Dorothy Marjorie Drewry, G/2091, Women's Royal Naval Service. 25th Feb., 1920. Age 19.). Grave Reference: 38. H. 6.

HASTINGS CEMETERY, SUSSEX, Sussex, UK
HERITAGE, Nurse, AUDREY. Voluntary Aid Detachment. Died of pneumonia, 31
October 1918. Age 17. Daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Heritage, of The Haven, Sandhurst Lane, Little Common, Bexhill-on-Sea. Grave Reference: L. D. K27.

HORSFORTH CEMETERY, Yorkshire, UK
HOGG, Nurse, FLORENCE. Voluntary Aid Detachment. 31 October 1918. Age 24. Grave Reference: Green 834

READING CEMETERY, Berkshire, UK
CLARK, Member, ELLEN, 19194. No. 3 Stores Depot Park, Women's Royal Air Force. Died of pneumonia, 31 October 1918. Age 35. Daughter of Mrs. Clark, of 9, Mount Pleasant Grove, Reading. Grave Reference: 26. 15098.

Wednesday, 26 September 2018

Two women who served during WW1 who died on 26th September 1918

TWIST, Remembering Nurse, DOROTHY PEARSON TWIST, No. 82/T/118 of The Canadian Military Voluntary Aid Detachment. Nurse Twist died on 26th September 1918 at the age of 29. Her parents were Pearson Gill Twist and his wife, Julia Twist, of Shawnigan Lake, British Columbia, Canada. Nurse Twist was buried in Aldershot Military Cemetery in Hampshire, UK - Grave Reference: AG. 374.   As she is so far from home, I wonder if her grave receives any visitors?

WALKER, Remembering Worker (equal to the rank of Private) WINIFRED LUCY WALKER, No. 13980 who served with The Queen Mary's Army Auxiliary Corps (QMAAC) and was attached to the Royal Engineers in Portsmouth. Winifred died on 26th September 1918 and was buried in Milton Cemetery in Portsmouth, Hampshire, UK - Grave Reference: M. 6. 24.

Saturday, 8 September 2018

Sister E. Salvator of the Nyasaland Nursing Service - 8th September 1918

Sister E. Salvator of The Nyasaland Nursing Service, died on 8th September 1918. Sister Salvator was buried in Mangochi Town Cemetery, Malawi, Africa - Grave Reference: 23.   According to Anne Samson of the Great War in Africa Association, Sister Salvator was a religious Sister of the Society of Mary (Marist Mission ) (Gazette 1917 - https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/30305/supplement/9943/data.pdf)
The Montfort Marist Fathers had apparently arrived in Nyasaland in 1901.

With thanks to Anne Samson and photographer Derek Walker for their kind help.  If anyone knows anything about Sister E. Salvator, please get in touch.

I found a family called Salvator from Italy who lived in Glasgow.  The father, Engliano was a stone mason.  They had a daughter, Ernestin, born in France in 1886

Thursday, 6 September 2018

An exhibition commemorating the women of WW1, Rathbone Studio, Birkenhead, Wirral, UK - Heritage Week


A stunning collection of paintings by talented artist Rebecca Grinlay will be on display during Heritage Week 2018 at The Rathbone Studio in Argyle Street, Birkenhead, Wirral, UK. The exhibition is to commemorate the women of WW1.

The Rathbone Studio, 
28 Argyle Street • 
Birkenhead • Wirral • 
CH41 6AE   UK

07903 337 995 • info@rathbonestudio.com

Open Tuesday to Saturday: 2.00pm to 5.00pm
http://www.rathbonestudio.com/

Tuesday, 28 August 2018

Women in the Great War” by Stephen Wynn and Tanya Wynn (Pen & Sword, Barnsley, 2017) - Review

This is an extremely interesting, fast-paced and informative book.  Although I knew quite a lot of the information provided since I began researching for a series of commemorative exhibitions, I also found a good deal that was new to me.   The book begins with an overview of the situation of women – in particular those campaigning to be permitted to vote - during the years leading up to 1914.   Chapter Two is about Munitions Workers with details of dangers involved and the explosions that took place.   Brief mention is also made about the very popular, fund-raising football matches in which the women who worked in factories during WW1 took part.

Chapter Three goes into detail about the history and formation of the Voluntary Aid Detachments and I found this particularly interesting because there is a good deal of confusion these days with the use of the acronym VAD.  Included in that chapter are details of some of the famous women who were VADs .  Chapter Four is devoted to the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) which became the Queen Mary’s Army Auxiliary Corps.   Included here is a list of the women of the Corps who died or were killed during WW1.

In Chapter Five, you will find details of other women’s organisations - such as The Women’s Legion, The Territorial Force Nursing Service, The Women’s Hospital Corps, The Women’s Volunteer Reserve, The Women’s Auxiliary Force, The Women’s Land Army, Women Police Force Volunteers, The Women’s Forage Corps, The Women’s Forestry Corps, The Almeric Paget Military Massage Corps, The Women’s Royal Air Force, The Women’s Sick and Wounded Convoy Corps, The Women’s National Land Service Corps and Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service.  Also included in that chapter is the story of Elsie Knocker and Mairi Chisholm who initially went to Belgium with Hector Munro’s Flying Ambulance Unit.

Chapter Six is entitled “Individual Women of the Great War” and has some very interesting stories about women who were secret agents during the conflict.  Chapter Seven lists some of the many women who died or were killed while serving in some capacity during WW1 and Chapter Eight is devoted to the war-time service of Queen Mary and her daughter, Princess Mary.  The book ends with a Conclusion, Acknowledgements and an Index and is beautifully illustrated throughout with photographs and copies of posters, etc.

I was particularly interested in the details of the deal the British Government brokered with the Women’s Social and Policical Union when war broke out (page 4) and a certain incredible fact about DORA that I did not know (page 5).   Information about the involvement of the daughter of Lloyd George was also interestiong (page 28), as I had not heard about her, 

For me the most fascinating story was about the Christmas 1914 gift to serving military personnel known as Princess Mary’s Tin.  My Old Contemptible Grandfather died when I was four years old. When I was growing up, Mother kept his Christmas tin in the kitchen drawer, where it contained pieces of string and sealing wax.  I used to look at the tin and marvel at the names embossed on the lid but it was not until I read this book that I found out about the background to the gift and saw photographs of the contents of the tin (pages 134 – 137).

A most enjoyable book which I would definitely recommend to anyone interested in the role of women during The First World War.

“Women in the Great War” by Stephen Wynn and Tanya Wynn was published by Pen & Sword, Barnsley in 2017.  For further details please see https://www.pen-and-sword.co.uk/ where you will find details of other fascinating war-related books published by Pen & Sword.

Lucy London, August 2018

Saturday, 18 August 2018

Remembering the women of WW1 who died on 14th August 1918

TERLINCTHUN BRITISH CEMETERY, WIMILLE, Pas de Calais, France

Nurse EDITH INGRAM.  With the 55th Gen. Hospital.  Edith was born in 1887. Her parents were Mr and Mrs S.A. Ingram of Littlehampton. Edith joined the Voluntary Aid Detachment and was posted to France. Edith died on 14 August 1918, at the age of 31. Sh was buried in Terlinchthun British Cemetery, Wimille, Pas de Calais, France. Grave Reference: II. C. 27.   Edith features in a special commemorative book donated to the group Wenches in Trenches The Roses of No Man’s Land “Women Casualties of the Great War in Military Cemeteries – Volume 1:  Belgium & France” where you will find reference to Edith on page 69.

LIVERPOOL (TOXTETH PARK) CEMETERY, Lancashire, United KingdomRemembering Staff

Nurse LILIAN THOMAS, No.  2/Res/T/91 of The Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. Lilian Thomas was born in Garston, Liverpool and lived in Toxteth.    Lilian worked at The University War Hospital in Southampton, Hampshire, UK.  Lilian’s parents were William Thomas, born in Seacombe and Emma Thomas, nee Shimmin, born on the Isle of Man.  The family lived in "Carrock," High Bebington Rd., Lower Bebington, Cheshire. Lilian died on 14th August 1918 at the age of 27. She was buried in Toxteth Park Cemetery, Liverpool - Grave Reference: VIII. C.E. 666.
With thanks to Walter Volleamere for additional information about Staff Nurse Thomas.

PORTSMOUTH (HIGHLAND ROAD) CEMETERY, Hampshire, United Kingdom

Charlotte Sophia DUKE, No. G/3028,  was a cook with The Women's Royal Naval Service. Charlotte was born on 22nd July 1895 in Croydon, Surrey. Her parents were Tom and Martha Duke and her siblings were: Sarah, Thomas, Joseph, Elizabeth, Martha and Christine.  Charlotte joined on 17th January 1918 and was at HMS Victory. She worked at the Lion Hotel, Portsmouth (presumably commandeered for war accommodation) from 2nd July 1918.   She died on 14th August 1918 at the age of 23 and was buried in Highland Road Cemetery, Portsmouth, Hampshire, UK. Grave Reference: North Wall. E. 3. 17.